Saturday, 16 June 2012

Reasoning

Syllogism

1. Statements: Some actors are singers. All the singers are dancers.
Conclusions:
1. Some actors are dancers.
2. No singer is actor.
A.Only (1) conclusion follows
B.Only (2) conclusion follows
C.Either (1) or (2) follows
D.Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E.Both (1) and (2) follow
2. Statements: All the harmoniums are instruments. All the instruments are flutes.
Conclusions:
1. All the flutes are instruments.
2. All the harmoniums are flutes.
A.Only (1) conclusion follows
B.Only (2) conclusion follows
C.Either (1) or (2) follows
D.Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E.Both (1) and (2) follow
3. Statements: All the poets are goats. Some goats are trees.
Conclusions:
1. Some poets are trees.
2. Some trees are goats.
A.Only (1) conclusion follows
B.Only (2) conclusion follows
C.Either (1) or (2) follows
D.Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E.Both (1) and (2) follow
4. Statements: Some mangoes are yellow. Some tixo are mangoes.
Conclusions:
1. Some mangoes are green.
2. Tixo is a yellow.
A.Only (1) conclusion follows
B.Only (2) conclusion follows
C.Either (1) or (2) follows
D.Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E.Both (1) and (2) follow
5. Statements: Some ants are parrots. All the parrots are apples.
Conclusions:
1. All the apples are parrots.
2. Some ants are apples.
A.Only (1) conclusion follows
B.Only (2) conclusion follows
C.Either (1) or (2) follows
D.Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E.Both (1) and (2) follow
6. Statements: Some pearls are jewels. Some jewels are ornaments.
Conclusions:
1. Some jewels are pearls.
2. Some ornaments are jewels.
A.Only (1) conclusion follows
B.Only (2) conclusion follows
C.Either (1) or (2) follows
D.Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E.Both (1) and (2) follow
7. Statements: Some hens are cows. All the cows are horses.
Conclusions:
1. Some horses are hens.
2. Some hens are horses.
A.Only (1) conclusion follows
B.Only (2) conclusion follows
C.Either (1) or (2) follows
D.Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E.Both (1) and (2) follow
8. Statements: Some papers are pens. All the pencils are pens.
Conclusions:
1. Some pens are pencils.
2. Some pens are papers.
A.Only (1) conclusion follows
B.Only (2) conclusion follows
C.Either (1) or (2) follows
D.Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E.Both (1) and (2) follow
9. Statements: All the actors are girls. All the girls are beautiful.
Conclusions:
1. All the actors are beautiful.
2. Some girls are actors.
A.Only (1) conclusion follows
B.Only (2) conclusion follows
C.Either (1) or (2) follows
D.Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E.Both (1) and (2) follow
10. Statements: All the flowers are leaves. Some leaves are birds.
Conclusions:
1. Some birds are flowers.
2. Some leaves are flowers.
A.Only (1) conclusion follows
B.Only (2) conclusion follows
C.Either (1) or (2) follows
D.Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E.Both (1) and (2) follow


Input Output Problem

People considered UCO PO exam pretty tough, Specially reasoning so i will post some of reasoning questions from UCO bank exam in upcoming days
Input Output problem of UCO bank exam
Input : lived 18 a 12 once 93 upon 32 time 46 wolf
Step I : a lived 18 12 once 93 upon 32 46 time wolf
Step II : a once 18 12 93 upon 32 46 lived time wolf
Step III : a once upon 18 12 93 32 46 lived time wolf
Step IV : a once upon 93 18 12 32 46 lived time wolf
Step V : a once upon 93 46 18 12 32 lived time wolf
Step VI : a once upon 93 46 32 18 12 lived time wolf

As i told you the trick to solve Input Out problem explained her
go through this and then read the following explaination

so as per this trick come directly on the last step i.e. Step VI
We will check it fos dictionary words pattern in increasing or decreasing but after checking we can say that it is not dictionary pattern
So after this focus on numbers and we see that they are arranged in decreasing order, so one thing is clear that numbers will be in decreasing order.
After watching the number series, one thing should be clear that the pattern before and after the series COULD be different.
So lets check it out
The pattern before series is :
a once upon
while after series is
lived time wolf
After pattern after series i.e. lived time wolf
one thing is clear that it follows dictionary approach i.e. increasing order of dictionary words
But in the pattern before series i.e.
a once upon
we see that this also follows dictionary pattern in itself in increasing order, but both the patterns before and after the number series should have something different in them
Now we will try to find something different in them and generally VOWELS are the most common thing that comes to mind and it is the answer
a once upon starts with vowels so are before number series while lived time wolf starts with consonant so they will come after number series


Square table question (New Pattern)

 

Q) 8 friends P,Q,R,S,T,V,W,Y are sitting around a square table. Among them 4 are sitting on corners of the table while remaining 4 are sitting on the middle of side of the table. Those sitting at the corners are facing centre while those sitting at the middle are facing outwards.
S is sitting third to the right of P. P is facing centre. Y is not sitting adjacent to P or S. T is sitting third to the right of R. R is not sitting at any of the middle of the sides of the table, and is not sitting in immediate neighbor of Y. Only one person is sitting between P & V. Q is not an immediate neighbor of of V.

Lets start!!!
This question is somewhat tricky and we need to move forward a bit carefully, So we take the first line i.e.
S is sitting third to the right of P.
but this line is of little help to us because we cant say which one of them is a t corner, so we read next line
P is facing center.
this will help us a lot because it is given that those sitting at corners are facing center, so p is obviously at the corner
and our resultant figure will be
2
Moving further, we see that
Y is not sitting adjacent to P or S.
So following this statement we have only 2 positions left for Y which are shown in figure
3
This is somewhat tricky step because we need to keep Y at both places and check that which one of these is correct place for Y. So we will place it at the middle and now check it with the following statement
R is not sitting at any of the middle of the sides of the table, and is not sitting in immediate neighbor of Y.
According to this situation R is left with only 1 place which is shown in figure
4
Now if we look at 1 more statement which say
T is sitting third to the right of R.
So due to this statement Y and T will overlap so our assumption to put y in the middle is false, hence Y will be at corner as shown in the figure.
5
Following one statement
Only one person is sitting between P & V.
R cannot be on right top, so its place will be top left corner
Now as R is at the top left corner, so we will place R as shown in the figure & because of the statement
T is sitting third to the right of R.
the resultant figure will be
6
Now reading next statement,
Only one person is sitting between P & V.
We can conclude that V has only one place to go, which is shown in figure
7
Finally after reading the statement
Q is not an immediate neighbor of of V.
So Q will have only one place to set which is between R and Y
Hence the complete figure after all this will be
8
I have tried my best to explain this pattern, but still if anybody has any confusion or any query related to this, you can ask here.

 

 

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